Performance

Before we tell you more about what drives a laptop's performance, let's begin with the question


- "How will you use your laptop?"

light used

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Simple, everyday activities like surfing the web, email and social media, watching movies or streaming content.

Medium use

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Typing for work, browsing the web, editing documents and photos and basic gaming. This could include students or professionals who do a lot of research and could have multiple documents or tabs open at a time.

Heavy and Demanding use

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Includes content creation, heavy programming, specialized applications such as AutoCAD, Photoshop and MATLAB, as well as heavy gaming.

Performance = Processor + Ram + internal Momery + Battary + Graphics Card

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A Laptop's Performance is based on 5 main pillars

  1. 1-Processor
  2. 2-Ram
  3. 3-internal Momery
  4. 4-Battary
  5. 5-Graphics Card

Each laptop's specifications are based on different combinations of these 5 aspects. Example: Intel Core iS processor, 4 GB RAM, 500 GB storage, Nvidia graphics card, 41 Watt-hour battery capacity.

1.a.Processor

  • The processor is your computer's brain. The more QnteJ) intel Qrl"tej) powerful a brain, the more it can do and do it faster.
  • Better the Processor, the more you can get done on your laptop.

Better the Processor, the more you can get done on your laptop.

  • Laptop processors are made primarily by two companies - Intel and AMO.,
  • Intel has its Pentium, Celeron and Core i3, iS, i7 & i9 series (in increasing order of processing power).
  • AMO has A, FX and Ryzen series of processors (in increasing order of processing power).

here's a breakdown of what makes each processor series ideal for which kind of user.

Atom Celeron Pentium Core i3 Core i5 Core i7 Core i9
General Performance Basic Highest
Use Case
  • Browsing Watching Movies
  • Often used in Table and netbooks
  • Not suited for content creation
  • Browsing Watching Movies, email
  • Browsing Watching Movies
  • Light productivity work e.g. MS Office
  • can do+ multitasking, better HD playback.
  • Browsing Watching Movies
  • Often used in Table and netbooks
  • Heavy Excel usage
  • Light Gaming
  • Photo editing
  • Often used in Table and netbooks
  • Hardcore gaming,
  • heavy 30 modelling & rendering
Cores 1-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-4 cores 2-6 cores 8 cores
indicative Clock speed 1.3 GHz- 1.6 GHz 1.1 GHz- 3.7 GHz 1.2 GHz- 3.7 GHz 1.9 GHz- 4.0 GHz 1.9 GHz- 4.0 GHz 2.40 GHz- 4.0 GHz 2.40 GHz- 5.0 GHz
AMDE2 AMDA4&AMDAG AMOA1&AMDA12 AMD Ryzen 3 AMD Ryzen 5 AMD Ryzen 7
General Performance Basic Highest
Use Case
  • Browsing,social media
  • Browsing, social media, watching HD content
  • Enhanced HD streaming and multitasking
  • Watching videos, streaming and multitasking
  • Multitasking, gaming and content creation
  • Hard core gaming and content creation
Cores 2 core 2-4 core 2-4 core 2-4 core 4 core 6 core
indicative Clock speed 1.8 GHz - 2.8 GHz 1GHz - 2.0 GHz 2.4GHz - 3.0 GHz 2.0GHz - 2.6GHz 2.0GHz-3.2GHz 2.2GHz - 3.3GHz

Explore the Processor series

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Atom

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Celeron

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Pentium

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AMD

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Intel Core i3

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Intel Core iS

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Intel Core i7

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1.b.Ram

  • RAM stands for Random Access Memory and is what stores all the open apps, files and games you may be playing
  • More RAM allows more of them to be running simultaneously.
  • Typically laptops come with 4, 8 or 16GB of RAM

Ram Types

  • DDR4: Faster, efficient power consumption
  • DDR3: Older, slower & consumes more power

PRO TIB

Buy a laptop with DDR4 RAM as it saves power, improves battery life, and future-proofs your laptop. DDR3 RAMs are cheaper, but there is a good chance that DDR3 may soon be obsolete, and any upgrades or replacements will not be possible.

Upgradability

  • With time, the applications and operating system you use will be upgraded to newer versions, and would need more RAM. This may cause some slow-down in performance or the system to hang frequently.
  • This is when upgrading the RAM can keep the laptop usable for longer, especially if you've bought a laptop with just 4GB of RAM.

PRO TIB

For most users, we recommend 8GB RAM given how much RAM programs use today. However, if you plan on gaming or using heavy software like Photoshop, AutoCAD etc, you should consider at least a 16GB RAM.

shop by memory size

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Up to 2GB

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4GB

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8GB

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16GB and more

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1.c.internal storage

  • This is also referred to as the hard drive size or capacity of the laptop.
  • Storage on a laptop is where the operating systems (like Windows or Mac OS) are installed. This is also where all the documents, photos, apps, games and movies are stored.
  • Without sufficient storage, you will not be able to store anything, and it will also impact the speed of performance.
  • For those on a budget, HDOs are a better option while those into gaming or media editing are best off choosing an SSD

Usually, laptop storage is of 3 types: Hard Disk Drive (HOD), Solid-State Drive (SSD) & Solid-State Hybrid Drive (SSHD)

internal storage Types

Hard Disk Drive (HDD) Solid-State Drive (SSD) Solid-State Hybrid Drive (SSHD)

A mechanical hard disk drive {often shortened to HDD) is a type of storage which gives you lots of capacity on a budget.

A HDD is considered slow because it has moving parts that spin to read data

A solid state drive {sometimes called SSD) is a type of drive that is faster, but also more expensive, than HDDs

SSDs can start up Windows in less than 5 seconds

Programs will run faster if you're using an SSD.

However, all this performance comes at a higher price.

SSHD is a combination of the HDD and the SSD, which means you not only get large storage space, but everything loads faster too.

Example: An SSHD unit could have a 128GB SSD paired with a 500GB or 1TB HDD.

The Operating System {OS) would be installed on the SSD along with other programs while the HDD part is used for storing documents, movies etc. This means that your OS and programs start up faster.

shop by storage types

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Hard Disk Drive (HDD)

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Solid-State Drive (SSD)

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Solid-State Hybrid (SSHD)

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shop by capacity

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Up to 500GB

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500- 999GB

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1TB & More

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1.d.Bettery

Bigger Bettery = More house of usage

  • The battery is what keeps your laptop running when it isn't plugged into the power outlet.
  • Usually measured in Watt-Hour (WHr). More WHr = More battery life.
  • Bigger batteries usually mean heavier laptops.
  • Things like screen brightness, Wi-Fi and Bluetooth connectivity, type of processor and even the load on your CPU will impact battery life.
  • Gaming, video playback, heavy editing etc can all speed up battery drain noticeably.

1.e.Graphics Card

  • A graphics card is a dedicated chip inside your laptop, responsible for the quality of visuals you see on your screen.
  • Just like RAM the more the GBs in your graphics card, the smoother your games will run, even in Full HD or 4K resolution.
  • Photo and video editing software like Photoshop, design software like AutoCAD, and of course most modern games require a dedicated graphics card to function smoothly.
Nvidia Graphics Use Case

GTX 1050

GTX 1050Ti

GTX 1060

GTX 1650

GTX 1660

GTX 1660 Ti

Casual gaming & photo editing

GTX 1070

GTX 1070Ti

GTX 1080

GTX 1080Ti

RTX 2060

RTX 2070

RTX 2080

RTX 2080Ti

Heavy/ hardcore gaming: Using these graphics cards it is possible to play the most demanding games with high resolution & high FPS (Frames per second) settings Heavy video editing

AMD Graphics Use Case
AMD RX 550

AMD Radeon RX 560

AMD Radeon RX 570

AMD Radeon RX 580

AMD Radeon RX 590

Casual gaming & photo editing

AMD Radeon RX Vega 56

AMD Radeon RX Vega 64

AMD Radeon RX 64 Liquid cooled

AMD Radeon VII

AMD Radeon RX 5700

AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT 50th Anniversary

AMD Radeon RX 5700 XT 50th Anniversary

Heavy/ hardcore gaming: Using these graphics cards it is possible to play the most demanding games with high resolution & high FPS (Frames per second) settings Heavy video editing

Integrated vs Dedicated

Integrated Dedicated

Integrated graphics cards are present on most laptops and are suited to let you watch movies or do very light photo-editing

Dedicated graphics cards are required for heavy gaming, photo & video editing as they are more powerful than integrated graphics card.

Usually Intel processors contain an integrated graphics chip which is sufficient for everyday needs.

Nvidia and AMD are 2 popular companies making dedicated graphics cards.

PRO TIB

Unless you plan to use the laptop for heavy gaming, an integrated graphics should serve your purpose.